III. Pre HIV Test Counseling Guidelines – Brochure


pdf Download brochure (pdf)

Pre HIV Test Counselling Guidelines

Effective voluntary HIV testing & pre testcounselling can:

  1. Reduce spread of HIV with sharing information on how it can be passed on – a preventive goal
  2. Provide education, ability to make better choices
  3. Provide resources, to encourage follow-up to explore support & services

Questions to Ask

HIV Tests are standard tests that take a sample of blood from your vein & send it to a lab, such as the Antibody test. Ask the health professional:

  • What type of test they are using?
  • What is the time to find out the result?
  • What is the “window period” for the type of test?
  • When & where can you book an appointment for post-test counselling to find out the test result?

If it is a rapid on-site tests where you receive your results the same day ask for post test counselling, and ensure there is enough time to ask questions, especially if you test positive (you have the HIV antibodies in your system).

Window Period

The “window period” is the time you were exposed to the virus & when you start to produce antibodies that can be detected by the test. During this time a test may give a false HIV negative result that may not mean that no infection has taken place but that there needs to a longer time before accurate testing can occur.

Benefits from having the HIV test could be:

  • A HIV- negative test result can relieve anxiety.
  • A person who tests positive with HIV+ could access medical treatment.
  • A HIV+ positive test result can motivate YOU to reduce or stop high risk activities.
  • A HIV+ test result can prevent further passing on of virus.
  • A positive HIV test result if you are pregnant could support early treatment & information can be provided on how to prevent HIV transmission to the baby.
  • Previous sexual or needle-sharing partners can be informed & be given the opportunity to take the HIV antibody test too.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus & it attacks the human immune system that people need to fight off infections like the cold or flu. There is no vaccine to protect YOU against getting it. There is only PREVENTION that comes from knowing what HIV & AIDS is, how it spreads, how to protect YOU, & being tested if YOU have been at risk.

HIV is a virus that is preventable. The risk depends on what type of contact you have had & with what body fluid.

When infected with HIV the immune system slowly weakens. HIV slowly turns to AIDS.

People living with HIV are living much longer than before, mostly because doctors know more & have new medications to help a person to deal better with the virus.

If you are HIV positive the sooner you are tested, the sooner you can receive vital medical treatment.

If you do not have HIV and the test is negative it does not mean you are immune to the disease, however, that you still need to prevent HIV by being aware of what causes it.

Decision to Test Checklist

HIV Test available for any person who may be at risk, factors may include:

  • Unsafe, unprotected, or high risk sex
  • Exposure to HIV through shared needles
  • Using unsterile tattooing or body piercing equipment
  • Presence of other sexually transmitted infections
  • Exposure to unscreened blood that may have come through medical procedures
  • Recently travelled to a high HIV prevalence country, & was at risk due to any of the above.

Canadian Human rights law requires that HIV testing include:

  • Informed consent
  •  Pre- test counselling before test
  • Post-test counselling after test results have been shared
  • Guaranteed confidentiality of test results

The health care professional who performs the test is required to discuss these items with YOU by law. Being provided with just a brochure, guide or pamphlet with information is not sufficient, and is only meant to provide extra information on valuable resources, services, or support.

Informed Consent

Before the HIV Test is done, informed consent must be given by YOU. The health professional must inform you of what HIV is, disclose advantages & disadvantages of testing for HIV, listen, answer questions & seeking permission to proceed through each step of counselling & testing before the HIV test is given. To obtain informed consent for testing for HIV, a client must be deemed competent, must understand the purposes, risks, harms & benefits of being tested, as well as those of not being tested, & his/her consent must be voluntary.

People who are tested for HIV without their knowledge or against their will are regarded as having their human rights violated blatantly.

Pre- test Counselling

Before having the HIV test ensure that you will also receive pre-test counselling.

Counselling by the health professional (doctor, nurse, or health care worker) before & after being tested for HIV is a time to share important health information that can save lives & is YOUR Human Right.

Testing blood serum for HIV can have medical, emotional, spiritual, & social impacts on YOU. Be prepared to ask questions, and to discuss your health. Also, ask if they have booked enough time for the pre HIV test counselling. Be prepared for the test by knowing YOUR rights, benefits, & drawbacks. Know how to manage your risks, protect yourself & others. The information must be shared verbally, be accurate & clear.

The health professional who performs the test, & notifies YOU of the result must talk with you about harm reduction activities, your understanding of the HIV & AIDS, & available resources & support. Before testing has occurred, an open discussion needs to include talks about unsafe sex, unborn babies, & high-risk activities.

This may be YOUR only opportunity to openly ask a health professional about the basics of HIV & the prevention or management of the disease. Make sure that YOU receive this health service.

pdf Download brochure (pdf)

Download psn card generator | Tubular bells remastered | Adobe photoshop cs5 for mac torrent | Aladdin soundtrack zip | roxio platinum download download reflection christina download pitbull music piracy movies download fadaye saret download daslight free download download twisted brush cannon usa downloads acrobat icon download xbackup download downloading ring tones download pure nrg download xenogears ost swg download client free download avconverter mttty download tiehack download the dey download demos psp downloads download order forms fan cpu download dbz millennium download download doctor shameless virasat free download moolamantra download download limewore pro download bagatelle electric xml download link sequence downloader download torenty microsoft downloader pcgames downloads dvc software download downloader ayj gmail downloader upload for download imaging download kodak download javatv kvm software download derive 5.05 download download lsat test download chilly willy fsrepaint download downloadable assamese enka downloads demo downloadable pc downloadable borat video youtube download convert uttorent downloader sawyer's locomotion download download erdas imagine metadoll 10 download ventrilo download xp mp3 clipper download mobile ringer download drw download data structures download sqlevn70 rll download download funny powerpoints demultiplexer download aqua icons download hpdi exe download modeling software download 1.7 download firefox rune download chatclient download clipart images download free download torant cawaii magazine download siab download fotoplayer pro download situs untuk download cheerleading download videos mccain downloadable poster crash love download artist download mp3 gavick free download shadowrun game download meditation sound downloads download accelerators download riviera downloadin tool morrowind plugin download 2.5 bearshare download fighter 3download download mario album kural free download download topdesk 1.5 download painless suicide software backup download virgin megastore downloads jaleo free download putty program download download drivers linux new film downloads netdvr download deadsy downloads snow brothers download attack download mars photo plus download saware free download downloadable new films imeshv5 download vectorworks 12.5 download free keno downloads redoctane midisoftwaredownload item hacking download download quartz warcraft films download software luxor no download nltest download app download java download lagu imlek wrl file download dynazip download download free backdoor supermariobros. download spanish music downloads download soundz drop zone download downloadable spyware programs sqlncli.msi download lionrock download mahjong free downloads babasonicos download cfdisk rpm download krwling download jdownloader download alp download computer anti-virus download download t zone multihit hack download mobile 6download download multiflex freeware downloaders satco dx download downloads window phpnuke avatars download 8100 blackberry download trojandownloader xd cnet top downloads cv free downloads tugjobs downloads download radioshift muonline hack download ocean sounds download madambi free download download php 4.4.4 hypnovideo downloads